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Custom-tile’s ceramic Floor Tiles were rigorously tested by an independent, accredited testing facility using a variety of standard industry tests. (Installation information here)

Results demonstrate that custom-tile’s Floor Tiles meet or exceed industry standards, including recommendations of OSHA and UL. These tiles have superior chemical, wear, and slip resistance compared with standard flooring materials, and are well-suited for both commercial and residential indoor environments. If an extra protective coating is desired, see http://custom-tiles.com/floor-tile-protection.

Test Reports Below:
ASTM D3363 Hardness
ASTM D3359-95a Adhesion
Hoffman (ASTMD2197) Scratch Resistance
ASTM C1027, D4060 Abrasion Resistance
ASTM C1028-07 Slip Resistance (Wet/Dry Coefficient of Friction)
ASTM C650, D1308 & D 303 Chemical Resistance

ASTM D3363 – Test Method for Hardness

Pencil hardness measurements have been used by the coatings industry for many years to determine the hardness of clear and pigmented organic coating films.

Methodology: The process is started with the hardest pencil and continued down the scale of hardness until reaching the pencil that will not cut into or gouge the film.

Results:

custom-tile’s Floor Tiles far surpassed all other specimens tested. The surface of the Floor Tiles was not affected using a 6H pencil. Test pencils:
6B-5B-4B-3B-2B-B-HB-F-H-2H-3H-4H-4H-6H
Softer                                               Harder
ASTM D3363 Pencil Hardness Results
Specimen Hardness Classification
Ceramic Floor Tile 6H +   (best)
High-Grade Linoleum Flooring H
Vinyl Flooring 3B
High-Grade Pre-Finished Hardwood Flooring B

ASTM D3359-95a – Adhesion by Tape Test
This test determines the strength of the bond between the coating and the substrate. If a coating is to fulfill its function of protecting or decorating a substrate, it must adhere to the substrate for the expected service life.

Methodology: Adhesion of a coating is assessed by cutting a lattice pattern (cross-hatch) with eleven (11) cuts in each direction to the substrate. Pressure-sensitive tape is applied over the lattice pattern and then removed.

ASTM D3359-95a Adhesion Test Results

Specimen Classification Performance
Ceramic Floor Tile 5A No Peeling or Removal
High-Grade Linoleum Flooring 5A No Peeling or Removal
Vinyl Flooring 5A No Peeling or Removal
High-Grade Pre-Finished Hardwood Flooring 4A <5% Peeling or Removal

~ ASTM D2197  Scratch Resistance – Hoffman Scratch Tester
This test determines the resistance of surfaces to scratching, similar to ASTM D2197, but is generally regarded as a more precise apparatus.

Methodology: After curing, the surface is scraped or scratched with a Hoffman Scratch Tester with increasing weight amounts until the coating is scratched. Scratch resistance is then calculated as the amount of weight (in grams) causing a scratch (tear, rupture, or break).

Results: custom-tile‘s Ceramic Floor Tiles ranked very high on this test. A scratch-resistance weight of 500 gms is considered very good. Floor Tiles will sustain a weight of at least 700 gms.

Scratch Resistance Test Results

Specimen Weight Required to Scratch Surface
Ceramic Floor Tile 700 grams
Economy Linoleum Flooring 300 grams
High-Grade Pre-Finished Hardwood Flooring 700 grams
High-Grade Linoleum Flooring 1200 grams

ASTM C1027. D4060 – Abrasion Resistance by the Taber Abraser

Abrasion resistance is a function of flexibility and ability to absorb the energy caused by particles which rub against the surface.

Methodology: The abrasion resistance is determined by rotation of an abrasive load on the surface. Abrasion resistance is calculated as loss in weight at a specified number of abrasion cycles: 500 gm weight at 1,000 cycles.

Apparatus: Taber Abrader 5150 with Vacuum Pickup, CS-17 Abrasive Wheels, S-11 Resurfacing Wheel, 500 Gram Weight.

Results: custom-tile‘s Ceramic Floor Tiles surpassed all other specimens, demonstrating their superior strength and impact resistance over standard industry flooring materials.

Abrasion Resistance Test Results

Specimen Weight Loss After 1000 Cycles
Ceramic Floor Tile 0.18 grams
High-Grade Pre-Finished Hardwood Flooring 3.1 grams
High-Grade Linoleum Flooring 3.9 grams
Economy Linoleum Flooring 12.4 grams

ASTM C1028-07 – Static Coefficient of Friction by the Horizontal Dynamometer Pull-Meter Method (Slip-Resistance)

Coefficient of Friction (COF) is an important safety factor and many states require that flooring in schools, hospitals, and other public-use institutions meet OSHA requirements.

Methodology: This test covers the measurement of static coefficient of friction of surfaces under both wet and dry conditions, using Neolite heel assemblies.

Apparatus: Thwing-Albert Friction Peel Tester Model 225-1 V2.1, Speed = 6 inches/minutes; 15.2cm/min; Neolite Assemblies; Sled = 200 gm; Silicon Carbide Paper, 400 grit; Total seconds = 20.

Results: custom-tile‘s Ceramic Floor Tiles averaged .53-.54, which meets or
exceeds levels recommended by OSHA and UL,
which recommend a minimum SCOF of 0.5.

ASTM C1028-07 Coefficient of Friction

Specimen Static Average Dry Static Average Wet
Ceramic Floor Tile .54 (exceeds OSHA) .53 (exceeds OSHA)

ASTM C650 D1308 & D3023 – Effect of Household Chemicals (Chemical Resistance)

This set of tests evaluates the effect of various household chemicals and substances, specifically alterations such as discoloration, change in gloss, blistering, softening, swelling, and/or loss of adhesion.

ASTM C650 – Test method is intended for food counters, lavatories, and similar residential, medical, and commercial installations, where they may come in contact with food, chemical, and waste substances and for tile in areas where they may be exposed to contact with strong cleaning agents.
ASTM D1308 – This test method covers determination of the effect of household chemicals on clear and pigmented organic finishes, resulting in any objectionable alteration in the surface.

ASTM D3023 – This test provides a comprehensive evaluation of resistance to stains caused by chemical reagents and household chemicals.

Methodology: Each reagent was placed onto each specimen and allowed to set for 24 hours at 74°F.
The test specimens were then examined for alterations to the surface.

Results: custom-tile‘s Ceramic Floor Tiles outperformed all other specimens and
exceeded commercial durability requirements for resistance to chemicals.

Chemical Resistance Tests ResultsSee Summary

Reagent Ceramic Floor Tiles Vinyl Flooring Formica Countertop Pre-finished Hardwood Flooring High-Grade Linoleum Flooring
Acetone

F

F

F

Ammonium Hydroxide (Lye)

Ball-Point Ink

F

F

F

F

Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite)

F

F

Boiling Water
Butter
Candle Wax

F

Catsup

F

F

Coffee

F

F

Cola (Coke®)

F

Cologne

F

Crayons
Deodorant

F

Detergent Solution
Distilled Water
Ethyl Alcohol

F

F

Food Color

F

F

Grape Juice

F

Iodine

F

F

Kool Aid®

F

F

Lemon Juice/Lime Juice

F

Lighter Fluid

F

F

Lipstick

F

Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)

F

F

F

F

Mineral Spirits

F

F

Mustard

F

F

F

Perfume

F

Permanent Ink

F

F

F

F

Red Wine*

F*

F

F

Red Wine Vinegar

F

Shaving Cream
Shoe Polish

F

Soap Solution
Sodium Hydroxide

F

Tabasco Sauce

F

Tap Water
Tea

F

Tomato Sauce

F

F

Toothpaste
Vegetable Oil
White Vinegar

F

Worcestershire Sauce

F

Ceramic Floor Tiles   Vinyl Flooring Formica Countertop Pre-finished Hardwood Flooring High-Grade Linoleum Flooring
Total # Failures:

4

 

31

9

6

7

*Staining could be cleaned with brand-name cleaner, such as Oxy-Clean.

Note:  custom-tile‘s Ceramic Floor Tiles can be damaged by aggressive, flammable solvents, e.g., acetone, MEK, lacquer thinner, and butyl acetate. Do not use any solvent stronger than Mineral Spirits for removing paint, if spilled on Floor Tiles.
None of the results herein described imply a warranty or guarantee of suitability of the specimens used for any purpose. Testing is recommended for your particular needs.

It is advisable to place protections on objects which can mark the tiles if dragged (metal table legs, chairs, etc.).

Always clean up spills as soon as possible. Materials left on your tile installation can be drawn or ground into your tile or grout, making cleanup more difficult.